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What is Shaving And Atopic Dermatitis?

It is a chronic skin disease also referred to as Eczema. Atopic refers to a group of allergies such as hay fever, asthma, and Atopic Dermatitis that can be caused by an inherited tendency towards the development of allergies. The skin becomes irritable, dry and itchy. Scratching the skin leads to swelling, redness, and inflammation. Cracks, crusts, and scales may appear over the long term. Dermatis refers to the skin condition. It is most seen under children from the infancy stage and is less common in adults, even though some children may not grow out of the disease, while others only get it in early adulthood.

Atopic Dermatitis

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

The exact cause of the skin condition is unknown. Research has shown that a person is more likely to suffer from Atopic Dermatitis (sometimes referred to as eczema) if there is a family history of hay fever, asthma, food allergies and eczema. Eczema is the term for many skin allergies.

It can also be the result of deficiencies in the immune system. Research has shown that people with a low level of a protein called cytokine, which is essential for the proper functioning of the immune system show increased risk of suffering from the condition. Deficiency in this protein can cause the immune system to become misguided. It will then create inflammation in the skin in the absence of a real infection.

Who are affected?

One in every ten adults suffers from Atopic Dermatitis. Most people develop it during infancy. It is estimated that 65-70% get in the first year of life while almost 90% develop it before school going age. People who live in dry places are more affected by this condition. A baby, whose parents suffered from it, has a higher risk to also suffer from it than one who does not have a family history of this skin disorder.

Symptoms

The symptoms differ from person to person but there are a few common signs:

  1. Dry and itchy skin.
  2. Rashes on the knees, inside the elbows, on the hands and feet as well as on the face and wrists.
  3. Red scaly skin because of rubbing.
  4. Papules that are small bumps that may open and get infected when scratched.
  5. Leader type of skin that develops because of constant scratching.
  6. Hives that may appear after exposure to hot water.
  7. Extra fold of skin that develops under the eyes.
  8. Inflammation of the areas around the lips.
  9. Extra skin creases on the palms.
  10. Eyes become darker because of hay fever.
  11. Small bumps on the thighs, upper arms and face
  12. Skin loses moisture and becomes easily inflamed.

Factors that increase symptoms

Allergies: certain food, dust, pollen, wool, and animal fur may cause allergic reactions and lead to skin outbreaks, hay fever, and asthma.
Frequent wetting of skin: Regular swimming and hot baths.
Soaps and detergents: try to use ph-balanced soap with no perfume.
Cigarette smoke: can irritate the eyelids.
Temperature: extreme heat and cold can trigger it. High humidity causes sweating that irritates the skin, while low humidity dries the skin.
Emotional stress: anger, frustration or embarrassment can lead to more itching.

Inflammation producing cells become active and the skin becomes irritated
When people suffer from Atopic Dermatitis come in contact with the above.
Children show the most allergic reactions to food. Food that triggers the most allergies is eggs, milk, wheat, soy, fish and peanuts.

Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis.

The treatment is two-fold. Routine preventions help to reduce the symptoms such as moisturizing the skin after a bath, avoiding food types that cause allergic reactions, reduce dust, and creating a smoke free environment. Get rid of clothes, detergents and plants that lead to itching. Keep fingernails short and use only lukewarm baths. Air-dry the skin instead of towel drying. The second part of treatment is with medication. There are a number of products available on the market to help reduce the skin inflammations. This should be used under medical supervision to prevent further outbreaks and permanent damage due to wrong medication. People with Atopic Dermatitis should avoid direct contact with persons who have recently been vaccinated against small pox as this may cause an unusual rash.


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