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Early Symtoms of Lyme Disease

Introduction

Lyme Disease is commonly caused by one bacterium. This bacterium is called Borrelia burgdorferi. The main carrier of this bacterium is an infected bug, these bugs are called infected blacklegged ticks. When they bite any part of the human body then that person becomes infected with Lyme Disease. The main symptoms that a human will display when infected with Lyme Disease is a rash that always appears on people that are infected with this disease. This rash is called erythema migrans. Leaving Lyme Disease untreated will result in serious trouble for the person infected with Lyme Disease.

What to Expect

The main things to expect when people are diagnosed with Lyme Disease are. A skin rash that will usually not be that large. However there can be more then one of these around the same small area. The patient may also show signs of having a fever, a headache is also usually common among people that have contracted Lyme Disease, and also fatigue can be one of the symptoms that a person infected with this disease will show.

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Age Group

It seems that people of all ages can contract Lyme Disease, as all it takes for the disease to be passed onto a human being is a simple bite from an infected blacklegged tick. There is no specific age group that has a greater chance of contracting Lyme Disease then any other age group. But hiking through the woods will most likely give you a higher chance of falling victim to Lyme Disease. If you do not take the proper precautions when you go out hiking then the probability of you contracting Lyme Disease will be higher then someone who is taking the correct precautions.

Diagnosis and Testing of Lyme Disease

There are a few ways to diagnose Lyme Disease. This is due to the fact that patients with Lyme Disease show the same symptoms, so diagnosing this disease is not a problem for most people. However it is also recommended that you take the patient to the doctor, just so that you can get a second opinion on the symptoms that are being shown. The doctor can prescribe the right medication to combat Lyme Disease if they confirm that the patient has Lyme Disease. There are laboratory tests that can be used to confirm the presence of Lyme Disease in a patient showing the main physical symptoms. During the early stages of Lyme Disease it is not recommended that the doctor takes a blood test. This is because during the early stage of Lyme Disease the blood test results can produce a false reading, so a blood test is only recommended during the latter stages of Lyme Disease. However a blood test is so sensitive that even people without Lyme Disease can test positive for this skin disease.

Treatments for Lyme Disease

The main treatment that can be given to a patient who has contracted Lyme Disease is some antibiotics and they will usually be prescribed an antibiotics program that will last for a couple of weeks and patients are strongly advised to complete the entire program of antibiotics, even if the skin disease does disappear. Because if the patient stops the program of antibiotics then the skin disease could come back again. The antibiotics sare beneficial no matter what stage of Lyme Disease the patient is at. However if they are in an advanced stage of Lyme Disease then the patient may have to have another program of antibiotics, which will last for another couple of weeks.

Complications

There are a few complications that can occur after and during Lyme Disease infection. The first complication often happens to older women and it may occur a few years after the patient was diagnosed with the skin disease. The complication may involve some changing around the area of the skin where that patient was bitten. They may experience some swelling or some discoloration of the skin. The other complication is extremely serious and can cause death in the patient. This complication can occur if Lyme Disease is left untreated and this complication is called Neuro Borrelia. Neuro Borrelia will usually occur about somewhere in between one and five weeks. With Neuro Borrelia the central nervous system is affected and you will experience some back pain. Then your nervous system will start to lose feeling especially in the patient’s face. Sometimes people will get confused with Neuro Borrelia because the symptoms show up as meningitis. In extremely rare cases Neuro Borrelia can cause the nervous system to shut down.


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