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General Information Regarding Ovarian Cysts covering symptoms and treatment

There are many different types of medical conditions which affect women only. One such type of female-related medical condition is that of ovarian cysts. The following paragraphs will detail the occurrence, condition and treatment of ovarian cysts and provide a general overview on the subject.

What Is An Ovarian Cyst?

In order to fully appreciate this specific medical condition, it is pertinent to have a firm grasp on what an ovarian cyst actually is. Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid which form on the ovaries. These types of ovarian cysts come in a variety of different forms.

Types of Ovarian Cysts

One type of common ovarian cyst is the functional cyst. These types of cysts are tiny sacs which hold the female eggs and usually appear during the menstrual cycle. Once the eggs are ready, the functional cyst breaks open and releases the eggs. Within the category of functional cyst there are two types of sub-categories which are the follicular cyst and corpus luteum cyst. The follicular cyst has sacs which form but do not break open when they are supposed to in order to release the eggs for fertilization. Fortunately, these types of cysts dissolve after a few months. The other type of functional cyst, the corpus luteum cyst, forms in those cases where the sac does not dissolve and then fills with a fluid-like substance. This too will go away on its own.

Endometriomas are another type of ovarian cyst which may form within the reproductive region of a female. These are a bit more serious type of cyst which occur within women who have endometriosis. Endometriosis is a medical condition whereby tissue lining from the uterus forms on the outside of the uterine area. The cyst is the formation of tissue growth in that region.

Ovarian cysts also take the form of polycystic ovaries. The eggs which grow inside of the sac are unable to be released when they should be. As a result, the sacs continue to grow and eventually form cysts.

Dermoid cysts are another form of ovarian cyst which cause women some problems. These types of cysts are ones which grow to a large size and may cause quite a bit of pain in the formation and existence thereof.

One last type of ovarian cyst which should be mentioned is the Cystadenomas which is a form of cyst that grows on the outer surface of the ovaries. Along the same lines as the Dermoid cyst, Cystadenomas can grow to great sizes and is painful as well. These types of cysts are filled with a fluid-like substance which adds to their size.

Symptoms Caused by Ovarian Cysts

A number of different symptoms may be associated with ovarian cysts. The types and severity of symptoms involved depends upon a variety of factors including type of cyst, length of time with the cyst and more. Some of the general symptoms often associated with cyst formation are abnormal bleeding, pressure in the abdominal area, ache in low back and thighs, problems with urination, pain during sexual intercourse and weight gain. As every person experiences a range of different symptoms, it is important to note that this is just a general description of what one may experience along with the ovarian cysts and some individuals who have ovarian cysts experience no symptoms at all.

How Ovarian Cysts are Detected

Ovarian cysts are usually found during a woman’s visit to the gynecologist, whether due to symptoms or simply a routine annual exam. If the gynecologist detects something which may lead the medial professional to believe an ovarian cyst may be present, the gynecologist will perform an ultrasound to find out more about the condition of the patient. Further tests may be performed thereafter to determine whether cancer may be a factor. Although many ovarian cysts are non-cancerous, the gynecologist may still feel it necessary to check to be sure.

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

Now that some of the various types of cysts and symptoms thereof have been cited, it is important to describe the various treatments which are available to aid women with these types of conditions. The first stage of treatment is observation. Due to the fact that ovarian cysts often disappear on their own after a period of time, the medical professional may suggest that the patient return after a certain time period for re-evaluation. Should the cyst still be present at the time of re-evaluation, the doctor may mention surgery as an option to remove the cyst so as to prevent problems in the future.

Two types of surgery which may be recommended are laparoscopy and laparotomy. Laparoscopy is the less intense of the two aforementioned surgeries. This type of surgery is usually performed in the case of a benign cyst which is small in size. The woman is put under general anesthesia and a minor incision is made in the abdomen area. At this point the doctor is able to use surgical tools to visually inspect the cyst and if benign it will be removed. Alternatively, the laparotomy is performed when the ovarian cyst at issue is larger and may be cancerous in nature. This surgery involves a larger incision under general anesthesia. Once the incision is made the doctor will inspect the cyst and if cancerous, other portions within the abdominal area, such as the ovary, may need to be removed.

Ovarian cysts form at will and there is no way to prevent the occurrence of ovarian cyst formation. The positive aspects to keep in mind are that ovarian cysts are usually of a non-cancerous form and will often go away on their own. However, it is important to consult with one’s doctor should there be any symptoms or other reasons to suspect that an ovarian cyst may be present just to be on the safe side to ensure that cancer is not an issue. Overall, the occurrence of ovarian cysts is something which can often be treated and one should keep a positive attitude with regards to recovering from a medical condition of this kind.

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